What is the story behind how Roundup Ready or Roundup get their names?

What is Roundup Ready and what are the Roundup-ready crops? Roundup Ready is the trademark name for a line of genetically modified crops that are intolerant to Roundup. The crops are referred to as Roundup Ready.

Roundup was invented by who?
Glyphosate is the active agent in Roundup, was first discovered to be an herbicide in 1970 by Monsanto chemical scientist, John Franz. Pre-emergent herbicides were used in the agricultural sector in the early days. They were applied prior to the weeds or crops appeared. Glyphosate’s ability to control large numbers of grass weeds and broadleafs was completely different. Its unique environmental characteristics (soil inactivation, rapid degradation, etc.) and toxicological qualities (extremely low levels of toxicity to mammals and other beneficial organisms) resulted in a novel product.

ラウンドアップ When was Roundup was created?
Roundup (r) was launched on the market in 1974. It is a broad range herbicide which quickly became a world market leader. Roundup(r) was first used on railway tracks, in ditches, as well as on the fields between growing seasons. It allowed farmers to control grass and broadleaf wild plants from the soil. It also decreased the need to tillage and preserved the soil structure.

ラウンドアップ The Roundup Ready GMOs followed.
Monsanto scientists were inspired by amazing breakthroughs in the field of recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s. They recognized the many advantages to farmers if Roundup (r) could directly be applied to their crops to control the weeds. A small team of researchers (Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers and myself) under the direction of Dr. Ernie Jaworski, began working on this challenge. This team developed the first method to introduce genetic to plant species in the early 1980s. Then, we began to work on creating viruses resistant crop varieties, insect-resistant, and Roundup-tolerant.

ラウンドアップ It was known that glyphosate likely inhibited the biochemical process in plants that produced aromatic amino acids (animals and human beings don’t have this pathway which is why Roundup has a high degree of mammal-specific security) and that glyphosate’s breakdown occurred extremely quickly in the soil by microorganisms. In the mid-1980s, our researchers had identified both plant and microbial genes that conferred increased herbicide tolerance during laboratory tests. Then, in 1987 the USDA approved the first field tests of Roundup Ready plants. This was the first test in the field of Roundup Ready tomato plants. After a few years the Roundup Ready gene was discovered and isolated.

ラウンドアップ Let’s take a look at soybeans. For an example to answer the following questions: What is Roundup Ready soybeans? And how do they get them? Roundup Ready soybeans are soybeans genetically engineered which have had their DNA changed to be able to withstand Roundup’s herbicide, glyphosate. This soybean is intolerant to Roundup as each seed has the Roundup Ready gene that has been infected before it is planted. This means that farmers can spray their fields using the herbicide without killing their crops.

You can see the fact that Roundup Ready crops were introduced in 1996 and changed the agricultural sciences and agriculture. ウンドアップ 価格 コメリ Roundup resistance was instantly acknowledged by farmers and widespread adoption took place. Today, more than 90% of U.S. soybeans and cotton use Roundup Ready crops. Apart from reducing and improving weed control methods which improved yields of crops, Roundup Ready crops reduced the amount of tillage required and decreased the expense of equipment and made harvesting easier due to “cleaner areas” with fewer plants. The increased use of conservation tillage has a significant environmental benefit. ラウンドアップ ラウンドアップ ハイロード Through the reduction of plowing, farmers can reduce their energy use and emissions of GHG while maintaining soil structure and reducing erosion. This is equivalent to taking 28.4 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide from our atmosphere in 2013, or 12.4 million vehicles off roads for the year (Source: , PG Economics). https://tcss.vivahome.com/product/commodity/0000/08030102-006328/